The disease is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Hip dysplasia in cats and other animals is caused by the ball and socket joint where the leg joins the hip being misshapen and being ill fitting.
Normally the top of the leg bone, the femur is a smooth ball shape covered by cartilage for a smooth action and a wide range of movement. The balled shape top of the femur normally fits nicely into the socket of the hip. If the fit is poor and the surfaces ill shaped there will be friction and a loose fit.
The disease is often found alongside patellar luxation. The signs are walking abnormally, intermittent lamness and a lack of desire to jump. The joint can become severely degraded and arthritic. Most cats will suffer a mild form. Hip dysplasia in cats can be checked for by a veterinarian on a physical examination.
The symptoms might not be evident until later in life. Surgery may be necessary.
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Hip dysplasia in cats to cat health problems
- Medical, Genetic & Behavioral Aspects of Purebred Cats